Psychometric Properties of the Career and Talent Development Self-Efficacy Scale When Used With University Students in China 事業及才能發展自我效能量表:應用於中國內地大學生時量表的心理計量特性 – Wu FAN, Dengfeng HAO, & Mantak YUEN(范武、郝登峰、袁文得)

December 31, 2013

刊於The Asian Journal of Counselling 亞洲輔導學報2013.第20卷第1及2期(Vol. 20 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 59–84

Abstract

In recent years, increasing importance has been placed on enhancing the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and competencies of university students in China related to career and talent development. There is therefore an increasing need for guidance activities and assessment tools for this purpose. In this study, we examined the validity, reliability (internal consistency) and factorial structure of the Career and Talent Development Self-Efficacy Scale (CTD-SES) using a sample of 466 university students in the Chinese mainland. Results from exploratory factor analyses suggested some necessary modifications to the original “three primary factors plus higher factor” model underpinning the CTD-SES. Goodness of fit was improved through specific path modifications to the original model, as assessed by confirmatory factor analyses. The present study supported the psychometric properties of the CTD-SES when used with a different age group and in a different Chinese community from that used in the original study in Hong Kong.

Keywords: career development; talent development; work habits; self-efficacy; validity; China; university students

摘要

近年,中國內地大學愈來愈重視提升其學生在事業和才能發展方面的知識、技能、態度和能力。為此,對輔導活動和評估工具的需求亦日益增加。本研究以466名中國內地大學生為樣本,探討「事業及才能發展自我效能量表」的效度、信度(內部一致性)和因素結構。探索性因素分析的結果顯示,需要修訂該量表原初的「三基本因素加一高階因素」的模型。從驗證性因素分析可見,修訂了原初模型的路徑後,量表的適配度提高了。本研究把該量表應用於與原初香港研究不同的年齡組群和不同的華人社區,結果仍是支持該量表的心理計量特性。

關鍵詞:事業發展;才能發展;工作習慣;自我效能;效度;中國;大學生